Swaziland (Eswatini) Country Profile: Pharmaceuticals Business

Swaziland, officially known as Eswatini, is a small landlocked kingdom nestled in southern Africa, bordered by South Africa and Mozambique. In this article, we will delve into the country’s unique characteristics and its pharmaceutical business landscape.

A Land of Natural Beauty

Swaziland (Eswatini) Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product Imports
Swaziland (Eswatini) Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product Imports

Swaziland covers an area of 17,364 square kilometers, making it one of Africa’s smallest nations, slightly larger than half the size of Belgium or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of New Jersey. Despite its size, this country is a treasure trove of natural beauty.

Swaziland boasts remarkable game reserves, including the Mlawula Nature Reserve and the Hlane Royal National Park, home to a diverse array of wildlife, from majestic lions to lumbering elephants and wallowing hippos.

The People of Eswatini

Eswatini is inhabited by approximately 1.4 million people as of 2015. The capital cities are Mbabane, the executive capital, and Lobamba, the legislative capital.

Pharmaceutical Partnerships with Taj Pharmaceuticals

One notable player in Eswatini’s pharmaceutical landscape is Taj Pharmaceuticals, a global leader in generics and one of India’s top pharmaceutical companies. Taj Pharmaceuticals is actively involved in exporting pharmaceutical products to Eswatini. They participate in tenders organized by the Ministry of Health (MOH) and strive to meet the healthcare needs of the country. Moreover, Taj Pharma seeks collaborations with local distributors to expand its presence in this region.

Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Product Imports

Eswatini’s pharmaceutical sector relies on imports for a significant portion of its medicinal and pharmaceutical products. Data from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development shows that Eswatini’s imports in this category were reported at 18,592.138 USD thousand in December 2022, a slight decrease from the previous year’s 18,805.482 USD thousand. This import data has fluctuated over the years, with an all-time high in 2021 and a record low in 2000. This data underscores the importance of pharmaceutical imports for Eswatini’s healthcare system.

Navigating Pharmaceutical Procedures

For businesses interested in the pharmaceutical sector in Eswatini, there are guidelines and procedures to follow:

  1. Swaziland Guidelines on Pharmaceutical Import Procedures
  2. Swaziland Medicine Importer Registration Form
  3. Swaziland Medicine List with Guidance Notes
  4. Swaziland Medicines Database Guidance
  5. Swaziland Call for Registration Medicines

These resources provide valuable information for those looking to engage in pharmaceutical activities in the country.

India’s Strong Relations with Eswatini

India has maintained strong and friendly relations with Eswatini, formerly known as Swaziland. The Indian mission in Mbabane began its operations in August 2019, further cementing diplomatic ties. While Eswatini does not have a diplomatic mission in India yet, these two nations have forged close connections over the years.

A Glimpse into Eswatini’s History

Eswatini’s history is rich and complex. The kingdom was guaranteed autonomy by the British in the late 19th century, and it achieved independence in 1968. However, the path to political reform and democracy was marked by challenges, including student and labor unrest during the 1990s.

The Unique Monarchy of Eswatini

Eswatini stands as one of the world’s last absolute monarchies. King Mswati III, who ascended to the throne in 1986, rules by decree. The king, often referred to as Ngweyama, which means “the lion,” is known for his traditional attire and multiple wives. His rule has faced criticism for its handling of opposition and financial matters.

Media Landscape and Control

The Eswatini government exercises strict control over the media, including the only privately owned TV channel, which belongs to the royal family. Journalists in Eswatini can face legal repercussions for criticizing the government.

Key Historical Milestones

Some key dates in Eswatini’s history include:

  • Swazi settlement in the 18th and 19th centuries.
  • Recognition of Swazi independence by the UK in 1881.
  • Periods of colonial rule and protectorate status.
  • Independence and the adoption of a new constitution in 1968.
  • Suspension of the constitution and ban on political parties in 1973.
  • Crowning of King Mswati III in 1986.
  • Pro-democracy protests and calls for political reform in recent years.

India’s Development Partnership

India has actively engaged in development partnerships with Eswatini. Agreements for significant lines of credit have been signed for various projects, including the construction of the Eswatini Parliament Building and the establishment of a Disaster Recovery Site for the National Data Center. These initiatives aim to enhance Eswatini’s infrastructure and services.

Indian Community in Eswatini

Swaziland (Eswatini) Country Profile Pharmaceuticals Business
Swaziland (Eswatini) Country Profile Pharmaceuticals Business

Eswatini is home to a vibrant Indian community comprising both Indian-origin and Indian nationals. They are involved in various sectors, including small businesses, healthcare, and education. The Indian High Commission in Mbabane actively collaborates with this community through a range of cultural and community events.

In conclusion, Eswatini, or the Kingdom of Eswatini, is a unique nation with a rich history and diverse landscapes. Its pharmaceutical sector plays a crucial role in providing healthcare to its population, with companies like Taj Pharmaceuticals making significant contributions. As Eswatini continues to develop and evolve, its partnerships with nations like India contribute to its growth and prosperity.


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. Is Eswatini a democratic country?
    Eswatini is an absolute monarchy, where King Mswati III rules by decree. While there have been calls for political reform, it remains a monarchy.
  2. What is the significance of Taj Pharmaceuticals in Eswatini?
    Taj Pharmaceuticals is a prominent player in Eswatini’s pharmaceutical sector, actively exporting pharmaceutical products and seeking collaborations with local distributors.
  3. How has HIV impacted Eswatini?
    Eswatini has faced significant challenges due to HIV, with one of the highest prevalence rates in the world. However, efforts have been made to control the epidemic.
  4. What is the role of India in Eswatini’s development?
    India has actively partnered with Eswatini on various development projects, including infrastructure and disaster recovery, to enhance the nation’s capabilities.
  5. Tell me more about Eswatini’s media landscape.
    Eswatini’s media is largely controlled by the government, and journalists can face legal consequences for criticizing the government’s actions.

For more information and insights into Eswatini, explore the provided resources and engage with its diverse culture and history.