Vancomycin Hydrochloride for Injection USP 1g Taj Pharma
Package leaflet: Information for the user
Vancomycin Hydrochloride 500mg and 1g Powder for Concentrate for Infusion
Read all of this leaflet carefully before you start using this medicine.
- Keep this leaflet. You may need to read it
- If you have any further questions, ask your doctor or
- If youget any side effects, talk to your doctor or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet. See section
What is in this leaflet:
- What Vancomycin Hydrochloride Powder for Concentrate for Infusion is and what it is used for
- What you need to know before you use Vancomycin Hydrochloride Powder for Concentrate for Infusion
- How to use Vancomycin Hydrochloride Powder for Concentrate for Infusion
- Possible side effects
- How to store Vancomycin Hydrochloride Powder for Concentrate for Infusion
- Contents of the pack and other information
1. What Vancomycin Hydrochloride Powder for Concentrate for Infusion is and what it is used for
Vancomycin is an antibiotic that belongs to agroup of antibiotics called “glycopeptides”. Vancomycin works by eliminating certain bacteria that cause infections.
Vancomycin powder is made into a solution for infusion or oral solution.
Vancomycin is used in in all agegroups by infusion for the treatment of the following serious infections:
- Infections of the skin and tissues below the
- Infections of bone and
- An infection of the lungs called “pneumonia”.
- Infection of the inside lining of the heart (endocarditis) and to prevent endocarditis in patients at risk when undergoing major surgical
-Infection in central nervous system
- Infection in the blood linked to the infections listed
Vancomycin can begiven orally in adults and children for the treatment of infection of the mucosa of the small and the large intestines with damage to the mucosae (pseudomembranous colitis), caused by the Clostridium difficile bacterium.
2. What you need to know before you use Vancomycin Hydrochloride Powder for Concentrate for Infusion
Do not use Vancomycin Hydrochloride
- If you are allergic to vancomycin or any of the other ingredients of this medicine (listed in section 6).
Warnings and precautions
Talk to your doctor or hospital pharmacist or nurse before using Vancomycin if:
- You suffered a previous allergic reaction to teicoplanin because this could mean you are also allergic to
- You have a hearing disorder, especially if you are elderly (you may need hearing tests during treatment).
- You have kidney disorder (you will need to have your blood and kidneys tested during treatment).
- You are receiving vancomycin by infusion for the treatment of the diarrhoea associated to Clostridium difficile infection instead of
Talk to your doctor or hospital pharmacist or nurse during treatment with Vancomycin if:
- You are receiving vancomycin for a long time (you may need to have your blood, hepatic and kidneys tested during treatment).
- You develop any skin reaction during the
- You develop severe or prolonged diarrhoea during or after using vancomycin, consult your doctor immediately. This may be a sign of bowel inflammation (pseudomembranous colitis) which can occur following treatment with
Vancomycin will be used with particular care in premature infants and young infants, because their kidneys are not fully developed and they may accumulare vancomycin in the blood. This agegroup may need blood tests for controlling vancomycin levels in blood.
Concomitant administration of vancomycin and anaesthetic agents has been associated with skin redness (erythema) and allergic reactions in children. Similarly, concomitant use with other medicines such as aminoglycoside antibiotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDs, e.g., ibuprofen) or amphotericin B (medicine for fungal infection) can increase the risk of kidney damage and therefore more frequent blood and renal test may be necessary.
Take special care with Vancomycin Hydrochloride Powder for Concentrate for Infusion
- if you have kidney problems
- if you have hearing difficulties
Tell your doctor if either of the above applies to you before this medicine is used.
Special care will also be taken if you are elderly or you are due to have ageneral anaesthetic.
Taking/using other medicines
Special care is needed if you are taking/using other medicines as some could interact with vancomycin, for example:
- other antibiotics that can affect your kidneys e.g. streptomycin, neomycin,gentamicin, kanamycin, amikacin, tobramycin, polymyxin B and colistin
- water tablets e.g. ethacrynic acid and frusemide
- cholestyramine (a medicine used to treat high levels of fat in the blood or diarrhoea in inflammatory diseases of thegut)
Please tell your doctor if you are taking or have recently taken or might take any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Tell your doctor if you are pregnant, trying to become pregnant or breastfeeding. Your doctor will decide if you should receive this medicine.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.
Driving and using machines
Do not drive or use machines if you experience any side effect (e.g. dizziness) which may lessen your ability to do so.
3. How to use Vancomycin Hydrochloride Powder for Concentrate for Infusion
You will begiven Vancomycin by medical staff while you are in hospital. Your doctor will decide how much of this medicine you should receive each day and how long the treatment will last.
The dosegiven to you will depend on:
- your age,
- your weight,
- the infection you have,
- how well your kidneys are working,
- your hearing ability,
- any other medicines you may be
Adults and adolescents (from 12 years and older)
The dosage will be calculated according to your body weight. The usual infusion dose is 15 to 20mg for each kg of body weight. It is usuallygiven every 8 to 12 hours. In some cases, your doctor may decide togive an initial dose of up to 30mg for each kg of body weight. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 2g.
Use in children
Children aged from one month to less than 12 years of age
The dosage will be calculated according to your body weight. The usual infusion dose is 10 to 15mg for each kg of body weight. It is usuallygiven every 6 hours.
Preterm and term newborn infants (from 0 to 27 days)
The dosage will be calculated according to post-menstrual age (time elapsed between the first day of the last menstrual period and birth (gestational age) plus the time elapsed after birth (post-natal age).
The elderly, pregnant women and patients with a kidney disorder, including those on dialysis, may need a different dose.
Adults and adolescents (from 12 to 18 years)
The recommended dose is 125mg every 6 hours. In some cases, your doctor may decide togive a higher daily dose of up to 500mg every 6 hours. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 2g.
If you suffered other episodes (infection of the mucosa) before you may need different dose and different duration of the therapy.
Use in children
Neonates, infants and children less than 12 years old
The recommended dose is 10mg for each kg of body weight. It is usuallygiven every 6 hours. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 2g.
Method of administration
Intravenous infusion means that the medicinal product flows from an infusion bottle or bag through a tube to one of your blood vessels and into your body. Your doctor, or nurse, will alwaysgive vancomycin into your blood and not in the muscle.
Vancomycin will begiven into your vein for at least 60 minutes.
Ifgiven for treatment ofgastric disorders (so called Pseudomembranous colitis), the medicinal product must be administrated as a solution for oral use (you will take the medicine by mouth).
Duration of treatment
The length of treatment depends on the infection you have and may last a number of weeks.
The duration of the therapy may be different depending on the individual response to treatment for every patient.
During the treatment, you might have blood tests, be asked to provide urine samples and possibly have hearing tests to look for signs of possible side effects.
4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybodygets them.
Vancomycin can cause allergic reactions, although serious allergic reactions (anaphylactic shock) are rare. Tell your doctor immediately if youget any sudden wheeziness, difficulty in breathing, redness on the upper part of the body, rash or itching.
The absorption of vancomycin from thegastrointestinal tract is negligible. However, if you have an inflammatory disorder of the digestive tract, especially if you also have a kidney disorder, side effects that occur when vancomycin is administered by infusion may appear.
Common side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10 people):
- Fall in blood pressure
- Breathlessness, noisy breathing (a high pitched sound resulting from obstructed air flow in the upper airway)
- Rash and inflammation of the lining of the mouth, itching, itching rash, hives
- Kidney problems which may be detected primarily by blood tests
- Redness of upper body and face, inflammation of a vein
Uncommon side effects (may affect up to 1 in 100 people):
- Temporary or permanent loss of hearing
Rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people):
- Decrease in white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets (blood cells responsible for blood clotting)
Increase in some of the white cells in the blood.
- Loss of balance, ringing in your ears, dizziness
- Blood vessel inflammation
- Nausea (feeling sick)
- Inflammation of the kidneys and kidney failure
- Pain in the chest and back muscles
- Fever, chills
Very rare side effects (may affect up to 1 in 10,000 people):
- Sudden onset of severe allergic skin reaction with skin flaking blistering or peeling skin. This may be associated with a high fever and joint pains
- Cardiac arrest
- Inflammation of the bowel which causes abdominal pain and diarrhea, which may contain blood
Not known (frequency cannot be estimated from the available data):
- Being sick (throwing up), diarrhoea
- Confusion, drowsiness, lack of energy, swelling, fluid retention, decreased urine
Rash with swelling or pain behind the ears, in the neck,groin, under the chin and armpits (swollen lymph nodes), abnormal blood and liver function tests
- Rash with blisters and
Reporting of side effects
If youget any side effects, talk to your doctor, pharmacist or nurse. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.
By reporting side effects you can help provide more information on the safety of this medicine.
5. How to store Vancomycin Hydrochloride Powder for Concentrate for Infusion
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children
This medicine must not be used after the expiry date which is stated on the vial label and
carton after ‘EXP’. Where only a month and year is stated, the expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
Keep the vial in the outer carton, in order to protect from light, and store at or below 25°C.
The reconstituted solution should be used immediately, however, if this is not possible it can be stored for up to 4 days in a refrigerator, provided it has been prepared in a way to exclude microbial contamination.
6. Contents of the pack and other information
What Vancomycin Hydrochloride Powder for Concentrate for Infusion contains
The active substance is vancomycin. After reconstitution each millilitre (ml) of solution contains 50 milligrams (mg) of vancomycin.
There are no other ingredients.
What Vancomycin Hydrochloride Powder for Concentrate for Infusion looks like and contents of the pack
Vancomycin Hydrochloride Powder for Concentrate for Infusion is a white or almost white solid which comes inglass containers called vials.
It may be supplied in packs containing:
- 1 x 500mg vial
- 1 x 1g vial
Not all packs may be marketed. Other sources of information Advice/medical education
Antibiotics are used to cure bacterial infections. They are ineffective against viral infections. If your doctor has prescribed antibiotics, you need them precisely for your current illness.
Despite antibiotics, some bacteria may survive orgrow. This phenomenon is called resistance: some antibiotic treatments become ineffective.
Misuse of antibiotics increases resistance. You may even help bacteria become resistant and therefore
delay your cure or decrease antibiotic efficacy if you do not respect appropriate:
- duration of treatment
Consequently, to preserve the efficacy of this drug:
1 – Use antibiotics only when prescribed.
2 – Strictly follow the prescription.
3 – Do not re-use an antibiotic without medical prescription, even if you want to treat a similar illness.
Preparation of Solution:
At the time of use, add 10 ml of sterile Water for Injections BP to a 500mg vial of Vancomycin Hydrochloride 500mg Powder for Concentrate for Infusion. Similarly, add 20 ml of sterile Water for Injections BP to a 1g vial of Vancomycin Hydrochloride 1g Powder for Concentrate for Infusion. Vials reconstituted in this manner willgive a solution of 50mg/ml. Further dilution is required depending on method of administration:
(i) Intermittent infusion (the preferred method of administration):
Reconstituted solutions containing 500mg vancomycin must be diluted with at least 100 ml diluent. Reconstituted solutions containing 1g vancomycin must be diluted with at least 200 ml diluent.
Sodium Chloride Intravenous Infusion B.P. or 5% Dextrose Intravenous Infusion
B.P. are suitable diluents. The desired dose should be administered by intravenous infusion over a period of at least 60 minutes. If administered over a shorter period of time or in higher concentrations, there is a possibility of inducing marked hypotension in addition to thrombophlebitis. Rapid administration may also produce flushing and a transient rash over the neck and shoulders.
(ii) Continuous infusion (should only be used when intermittent infusion not feasible):
1g or 2g of vancomycin may be added to a sufficiently large volume of Sodium Chloride Intravenous Infusion B.P. or 5% Dextrose Intravenous Infusion B.P. to permit the desired dose to be infused over twenty-four hours.
(iii) Oral Administration:
The contents of vials for parenteral administration may be used.
- Manufactured in India by:
TAJ PHARMACEUTICALS LTD.
Unit No. 214.Old Bake House,
Maharashtra chambers of Commerce Lane,
Fort, Mumbai – 400001
Customer Service and Product Inquiries:
1-800-TRY-FIRST (1-800-222-434 & 1-800-222-825)
Monday through Saturday 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m. EST